How should I Manage my Diabetes?
Management of diabetes involves three main components.
- Medication (oral or insulin)
What Diet should I take for Diabetes ?
Diabetes does not require special foods. A healthy, balanced diet can come from everyday foods. If you have diabetes, you should
· Choose foods that are low in fat and salt
· Choose foods that are high in fiber (such as beans, vegetables, and fruit)
· Eat foods from all food groups.
· Lose weight if you need to by cutting down on how much you eat
How can exercise help in management of Diabetes?
Exercise is important for people with diabetes because it
· Helps insulin work better to lower blood sugar
· Helps keep weight down
· Is good for the heart, blood vessels, and lungs
· Gives you more energy
How do I get started with an exercise routine?
Before you begin an exercise routine, your health care team will check your heart, eyes, kidneys, feet, and nervous system to make sure you are healthy enough for physical activity. Choose a type of exercise that you enjoy so that you are more likely to stick with it. Ask your doctor whether your choice of exercise is a good one for you.
As you begin to exercise, start slowly so that your body can get used to it. Start with a 5 to 10 minute walk outdoors or on a treadmill several days a week, and then gradually add a few more minutes of walking each week. Experts recommend building up to at least 2 1/2 hours a week of aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, swimming, cycling, or dancing.
What are the tips for being active throughout the day?
1. Walk instead of drive or public transport whenever possible
2. Take the stairs instead of the elevator
3. Work in the garden, rake leaves, or do some housecleaning every day
What are my medication options?
Treatment of Diabetes depend on the type of your Diabetes Mellitus
· For Type 2 DM: Most people can be managed with oral tablets for long time.
· For Type 1 DM: Insulin is must right from diagnosis
· For DM in Pregnancy, Insulin is recommended
Is There Any Good News?
Yes, we can reduce the chances of developing diabetes complications through:
Blood glucose control (diet, monitoring, medication)
Blood pressure control
Regular visits to healthcare providers
Early detection and treatment of complications
Why is prevention of complication so stressed upon in management of Diabetes?
Most of the diabetes costs are due to end-stage complications. Investment of resources into early diagnosis, patient education, prevention and treatments pays off in form of longer lives, increased productivity and reduced costs over the long term.
ABCs to Lower Your Risk of Diabetes Complications
A1C < 7
Blood pressure < 140/80
Cholesterol (LDL) < 100, statin therapy for high risk
Early screenings and treatment for complications
Good physical activity
Healthy food choices